Climate change and conflict in Ghana and Burkina Faso. A case study analysis of the relationship between climate change and conflict in Ghana and Burkina Faso

No Thumbnail Available
Issue Date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
This thesis focusses on a theoretical model which tries to conceptualize the relationship between climate change and conflict in Ghana and Burkina Faso. The research presumes that there is an indirect relationship between these mechanisms, namely that climate change has a negative impact on resource availability and that it has a negative influence on performing livelihood practices for locals. This causality is expected to have a social effect. Examples of this are economic instability, political instability, migration and extremism. The aim of this research is to understand if the social effects occur as a result of climate change, and if these social effects trigger violent conflict. The climate in Ghana and Burkina Faso has changed drastically during the last couple of decades. Change in precipitation and rainfall patterns are clearly visible in meteorological data. These changes in climate lead to resource scarcity. This development affects people and causes economic instability and migration. These two developments can be seen as the main triggers for violent local conflict, as economic instability and migration lead to a destabilization of the region’s status-quos. Furthermore, the threat of violence as a result of religious extremism is more and more present, mainly occurring as a spill-over effect from Mali.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen