Causes of piracy: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of piracy in Africa and Southeast Asi
Piracy is an issue affecting maritime trade for centuries. Since the 1980s, contemporary pirates have been operating along major trade routes, notorious for targeting ships of all sizes. This contemporary piracy is generally categorised into common and organised piracy, with the latter posing the biggest threat to maritime trade by kidnapping large cargo ships. Researchers in the past 30 years have identified conditions that increase piracy. Using qualitative comparative analyses, I inspect these conditions for their necessity and sufficiency for both common and organised piracy. While failing to identify any necessary or sufficient condition for common piracy, I can determine that high levels of both IUU fishing and corruption as well as the combination of IUU fishing, presence of conflict, low governance, corruption, and favourable geography are sufficient sets of conditions for organised piracy. Concluding that counter-piracy efforts should focus more on these conditions to stop organised piracy.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen