Transit-oriented Development and Gentrification: Exploring Neighborhoods Around Zaandam Station
This thesis investigates the relationship between the transit-oriented developments within project Inverdan near Zaandam Station and its potential gentrification effects. A statistical analysis of neighbourhood-level demographic and housing data shows an increase in several gentrification factors between the start of the developments and today, such as population density, property value, and young residents. A difference-in-difference analysis shows that, as a result of the Inverdan developments, the income in this area has increased more than it did in other neighbourhoods of Zaanstad. Several expert interviews provide an overview of the Inverdan developments and their effects on the area. Its improved quality has led to an influx of people with higher incomes, often coming from Amsterdam. The TOD also impacted the housing stock and property values in the area. Displacement of low-income residents is not expected to have taken place, as the area has undergone densification, rather than a replacement of former developments. Furthermore, the results underscore an impact on urban quality, house prices and a shift in housing provision (towards smaller apartments).
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen