Fair allocation of public transport infrastructure in cities with high inequality
In the field of transport justice, there are distinct approaches on how to analyze transport system fairness, usually focused on differences in accessibility levels throughout an urban area. Since most research on transport justice is done by scholars in Western countries with a large middle class and a relatively small share of low-income households, this thesis aims to adapt Karel Martens’ (2012; 2017) work to the reality of a city with high income inequality using the available data. In part because of its rich data set, the young car-centered city of Brasilia has been used as a case study. Its many neighborhoods have been ranked and the neighborhood(s) with the highest need for public transport improvements is selected. The actual introduction of a new mode of transport in a neighborhood with high accessibility is used as a real-life comparative of where these investments should be placed if following an approach based on fairness.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen