Part-time jobs while studying: struggle or success?

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Since the changes in the student finance system for higher education, part-time employment became an important factor in the lives of students. Combining these part-time jobs with a fulltime academic study may have consequences for students. This study tries to find an explanation for the possible effects of part-time employment in the JD-R model, ERI model and the Zero-Sum model. Based on these models, this study theorized that when students spend many hours working, this leads to negative outcomes such as lower academic performance, being less involved in academic courses and having a higher stress level. However, literature suggested that part-time jobs that are related to the academic program of students could have positive effects. Therefore, this study hypothesized that students with study related jobs have certain advantages compared to students with non-related jobs. A survey was developed and conducted among Dutch students in higher education (n=311). Hypotheses were tested by using multiple regression and mediation analysis. No relationship between the number of hours a student works and their academic performance, academic involvement or stress level was found. However, this study found that students who have a part-time job related to their study have a better performance and are more involved with their studies than students with a nonrelated job. There was also tested for a moderation effect. Study related job did not act as a moderator in the relation between work hours and academic performance, involvement and stress. The results of this study can guide students in finding a suitable part-time job that could enhance their academics instead of influencing it negatively.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen