The development toward a diffusion of staion-based electric, carsharing in urban neighborhoods in the City of Hamburg

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Our transport system is a major issue in urban areas, as it causes various social, environmental and economic problems. Largely, these are related to the widespread diffusion of internal combustion engine vehicles. Electric carsharing is seen as a new innovation which could contribute to solving these issues. As it has not yet become mainstream though, this thesis – focusing on the City of Hamburg – applies neo-institutionalism and Strategic Niche Management theory to analyze the enabling and constraining aspects that influence the housing industry, carsharing providers and public-sector actors, and overall the development towards the diffusion of electric carsharing in urban neighborhoods. Findings from neo-institutionalism indicate that mostly constraining institutional factors exist. Electro mobility is perceivably related to issues, such as low charging infrastructure coverage and little user demand, and carsharing as an innovation with too few public parking spaces. Moreover, the actors’ routines, role responsibilities and their boundedly rational unwillingness to provide financial resources prevent the further development of electric carsharing. Regulative institutions exist, but only insufficiently. Findings from Strategic Niche Management indicate that various actors are interested in dealing with electric carsharing. However, they possess different expectations, do not know their interfaces and perceive electric carsharing as an “add-on” topic.
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