Green gardens for urban climate adaptation

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The negative consequences of climate change, including severe downpours, heat waves, and droughts, are increasingly affecting Dutch urban settings. The high levels of paving and little space for greenery are two factors that make these urban areas susceptible. Not only in public spaces, but also in private gardens. As a result, streets may flood during severe weather, and high temperatures may increase the urban heat island effect. The goal of this study is to see what policy instruments may be used to motivate private households to choose a green garden over a paved one to contribute to a more climate-adaptive urban environment. The theories that are central in this study are the Planned Behavior Theory and the Policy Instrument Theory. Data was collected by combining desk research with expert interviews and surveys with homeowners. Eventually, the research showed that using a combination of policies and policy instruments is the most effective method to influence homeowners. This can be a combination of communication, economic and legal policy instruments, but the goal for success among homeowners, local governments, and other organizations is for less punitive and more stimulative instruments like information and financial aid. That is where the emphasis should be placed.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen