Cooperation in Cross Border Nature Conservation : The influence of the Natura 2000 legislation
“Nature knows no boundaries” is a sentence you often read in literature. However, European Member States have their own nature policies applied on their nature areas, stopping at the political borders. Due to the development of Europeanization, with its growing influence and regulations, interaction between different states intensified. Contributing to this, the ‘Natura 2000’ legislation was introduced in 1992, seen as the cornerstone of the current European nature conservation policy. By the designation of Natura 2000 sites, which form a network together, endangered and valuable species and their habitats are preserved and if necessary restored. The consequence is that political borders disappear. However despite the fact that the Natura 2000 legislation has a top-down approach, creating cross border nature areas are still mainly the task of regional and local actors. Therefore the ideas about nature and the availability of resources are crucial for successful cross border cooperation. The goal of this research will be the display of the possible different visions that exist amongst actors involved in cross border nature conservation. Important is how these visions influence the process of cooperation. Next step will be to see which influence the Natura 2000 legislation has on these visions, and as a consequence, on the process of cooperation. This goal will be reached by giving insight in the cooperation in a cross border nature conservation project, looking specifically (and only) at the different views and opinions on how to deal with nature. In order to give this insight, four case studies will be used during the research: Wooldse Veen/Burlo-Vardingholter Venn, De Gelderse Poort/Niederrheinische Pforte, Ketelwald en Natuurpark Roode Beek/Rodebach.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen