THE SOCIAL WELFARE STATE AND POPULISM. How does the social welfare state affect populism?
This paper is focusing on the social welfare state and how their components influence the political backlash created by globalization. The political backlash, which is the rise in populism as a result of globalization, becomes a problem when the power of populistic parties becomes too big. This paper tries to explain this relation between globalization and populism and why the political backlash could be dangerous for developed countries. Furthermore, it tries to give a solution for these problems by investigating the influences of the social welfare state on this political backlash. The results of this paper show us that the unemployment tempers the effect of globalization on populism and that unemployment has a direct, negative relation with populism. This paper also shows that income inequality has an amplifying effect on the political backlash, provided that the income inequality grows in the middle segment of society.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen