Hostile architecture and its effect on public space in Nijmegen: A case study at the central station of Nijmegen

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This study aimed to find out how hostile architecture affects public space. This study was conducted at the central station of Nijmegen. Hostile architecture can be described of designing or altering a public space in a way that makes certain behavior impossible. Research to the effects of hostile architecture has been sparse and this study aims to contribute to the general body knowledge. This research made a distinction between hostile architecture (forcing certain behavior) and nudging (influencing certain behavior). Furthermore, it build a framework around Lefebvre’s theory of public space built by people versus Mitchells theory of public space built for people. This qualitative study used triangulation to gather more substantial information. Through the use of a visual analysis, a policy document analysis and street interviews, this study shows that hostile architecture was barely visible but the station can be considered to be a structure made out of nudges that guide travelers to their destination while discouraging non-travelers from staying and using the public space for other purposes.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen