Italian Resistance Literature: Presence of Trauma in Non-Trauma Fiction. An analysis of the narrative techniques in the works of Italo Calvino, Cesare Pavese and Beppe Fenoglio
This thesis positions itself within the discourse about the representation of trauma in literature. The historical period central to the novels analysed is that of the Italian Resistance: the two-year period (1943-1945) during which the partigiani fought against the Nazi-Fascist regime. The hypothesis from which this research starts is that a traumatic historical event like the Italian Resistance must have left traces of trauma in the literary production of the period and, especially, in the works of those authors who experienced it directly. The three Italian authors considered in this all participated in the Resistance as partisans or political activists. Their novels are not considered trauma novels. Nevertheless, this study, through a narratological approach, aims at discovering signs of trauma in these non-trauma novels, and at showing the literary approaches and techniques used by these novels’ authors in their representation of such a traumatising historical period as the Italian Resistance.
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