Ethnic segregation and integration : The case of the Greek minority in Istanbul

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Recently several European politicians such as Angela Merkel, Nicolas Sarkozy and David Cameron, have all condemned the multicultural society as an utter failure. These politicians agree on the idea that the several ethnic minority groups did not go through the desired process of integration but instead coexist within their own ethnic communities side by side rather than living together with the majority population. In essence, the utter failure of the multicultural society should therefore be considered in the light of the relationship between ethnic segregation and integration. The several European politicians seemingly consider ethnic segregation and integration as two opposites, whereby ethnic segregation is seen as undesirable since it hampers the integration of the ethnic minorities. Whereas the European politicians already concluded on the relationship between ethnic segregation and integration, this relationship is still highly contested in the academic world. The discussion among scholars revolves around the question whether or not ethnic segregation and integration should be considered as two concepts that are the complete opposite of each other. To put it in other words: does ethnic segregation indeed hamper the integration of ethnic minorities or is it possible that ethnic minorities are integrated into society while at the same time they are living ethnically segregated?
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