GETTING WIND OF A COLLABORATIVE EFFORT The impact of citizen participation on speeding up the development towards regional wind energy goals in Rivierenland
The Netherlands has set regional, and provincial targets to reach wind energy production goals, in combatting climate change. However, it is proving difficult to reach these goals; six of the twelve provinces are struggling to reach their targets in time. Many of the solutions to enhance wind energy development focus on increasing local support (decreasing the opposition). The expectations from increasing local support, for instance, by inceasing local ownership, are substantial and have resulted in changes in (proposed) policy. Due to the lead times of projects averaging around 5-7 years, the impact of new approaches to participation can not be empirically observed. This study clarifies the uncertainty, by conducting a survey among industry experts, and conducting 17 interviews, and analysing these results using a simulation model. The thesis found that the form of participation used in a project can strongly influence the success chances, while it also impacts the lead times and returns and reinvestments. Moreover, this thesis found that the project development and achieval of the regional targets is quite sensitive to the success chances. Altogether, the impact of different forms of participation on the time to achieve targets is sizable. Government officials and developers alike should consider this in their approach to new developments.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen