"The last hill" - A study of the role of informal transport in: the mototáxi system of Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro

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This research studied informal transport in a favela of Rio de Janeiro through the question: ““How and why does informal transport (moto taxis) fill in the role of conventional public transport in Rocinha and to what extent is this applicable elsewhere?” The results showed that public transport can only access parts of the community due to the topographic location of Rocinha. It also showed that public transport is seen as inadequate, both in terms of quantity and quality. The public transport there is, is often completely packed and only functions at certain times of the day. At the same time, mototáxis can reach these disconnected areas and offer the service people want. The government is mostly uninvolved in mototáxi. Their control over the system is almost non-existent. Therefore, the policy on mototáxi made by the state does not have much effect in favela areas. Although mototáxis are not unique for Rocinha, their context and the importance they have in this favela is. Mototáxis have a big part of the transportation system in the community. They cover the ‘last mile’. What is also specific is the lack of control the government has over them due to them falling outside of their ‘control zone’. With that said, a lot can be learned from mototáxis. They show policy makers where public transport lacks and give an idea of what the population expects.
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