Educational attaintment, ethnic groups and social mobility: Evidence from 8 African countries
The paper studied how educational attainment moderates the effect of group characteristics on social mobility by measuring the difference of occupational levels between individuals and their parents. This study focuses on the ethnic groups in African countries since there is high diversity of ethnic groups within countries (Bates, 2000). Previous literatures show that individuals who belong in disadvantaged ethnic groups are less likely to increase social mobility (Bates, 2000; Modood, Loury, & Teles, 2005; Platt, 2005; Wallerstein, 2016). The study is examined the moderating effect on 3 group characteristics i.e. economic, educational and political characteristics. The hypotheses using the data of individuals from 64 ethnic groups in 8 African countries. The results show that educational attainment moderates the negative effect of individuals being in economically, and educationally disadvantaged ethnic groups and helps them increase their social mobility. Moreover, the study also found that educational attainment is important to individuals from advantaged groups to maintain their social class or increase their social mobility. Overall, the study emphasizes the importance of education as a powerful tool to increase social mobility in African countries.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen