Oslo, Twee Representaties van Joachim Trier
This thesis will discuss Joachim Trier’s ‘Reprise’ (2006) and ‘Oslo, August 31st’ (2011) in terms of representation with the theories of cognitive mapping and urban space. The idea of cognitive mapping will be drawn up according to Kevin Lynch’s five elements of the city structure. The theoretical practices about urban space will be discussed based on Henri Lefebvre’s three elements of the production of space and Marc Augé’s term non-place. The analyses of both films show how two generations of young adults cope with the straightjacket of conformity of the urban space of Oslo, in which they cannot fully recognize themselves. Reprise deals with the difficulties of two recently graduated men who try to realize their shared dreams to become Norway’s next famous writers. This is not possible in the city of Oslo. There is only room for commerce, conformity and self-complacence. The city of Oslo is controlled by men. The main characters try to find a meaning in the non-places of Paris and the east of Oslo, which they are not able to find. In the end it is the eastern part of Oslo in which Phillip finds love and meaning. The city is shown as nationalistic, masculine and superficial to emphasize the problems and opinions of the generation. Oslo, August 31st deals with an older generation. The film represents the problems of middle class people in their thirties. The main character of this film deals, like Phillip in Reprise, with psychological problems. The relationship between the main character and the city of Oslo is important in this film. The film represents Oslo’s transition from a city filled with history and memories towards a city in which the main character cannot recognize himself. The film represents a generation which is dissociated from the urban space and its social expectations. The city of Oslo is represented as a superficial city, which Anders experiences as Augé’s non-place.
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