The internationality of local peace. International NGOs in local peacebuilding in South Sudan

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In the past decades international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) have obtained an increasingly important role in peace building and other peace processes in the Global South. They act as developers, mediators, community builders, facilitators of dialogue, etcetera. There is growing critique on INGOs in these peace processes both in their effectiveness and the validity of their role as an international actor in local peace projects. In South Sudan, a country torn apart by violence and war, INGOs are one of the most evident actors within peace and development processes. As these INGOs are coming from developed countries and do not have a direct share in the conflicts they are working in. This thesis looks at how INGOs are influenced by this outsider position and the links they have to the international community. By using a glocalisation perspective the INGOs local projects are put into context by analysing the international and local ties of the INGO. A stakeholder-agency theory is then used to analyse the behaviours of INGOs in local projects and how these ties are influencing this behaviour. The thesis finds that the INGOs financial ties to institutional donors are highly influential in the choices INGOs make in local peacebuilding. Besides, having a lot of local ties with people, local NGOs and government is highly important in being a valuable actor in working on local peace.
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