The framing of IS-women and Yezidi women in Dutch Media
During the height of the Islamic State, Western media was enthralled with the phenomenon of “Jihadi Brides.” Simultaneously, some women were victimized by those who joined the Islamic State, namely, Yezidi women. The thesis tests the frames identified by Sjoberg and Gentry with the data on IS-women and analyzes data on Yezidi women to identify how they are framed through a qualitative content analysis of four Dutch newspapers (2007). The analysis shows that while the framing in Dutch media aligns with the gendered frames for women involved with violence as set out by Sjoberg and Gentry, it also complicates this through gender-neutral linguistic markers and questioning the use of frames (2007). The data on Yezidi women also confirms the victim frame used for women in war, but an agency frame can also be identified. In both cases, the context is critical for understanding the framing, affirming the importance of qualitative content analysis. From this analysis follows that existing ideas about women and conflict concerning the concepts of victimhood and agency should be challenged. IS-women can both be victims or perpetrator, or they can be both. Yezidi women can both be victims yet have agency even when reproducing a victim frame.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen