Implementing UNSCR 1325: Theoretical Illusions or Practical Results?

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Twenty years ago, the UN Security Council (UNSC) adopted the influential resolution 1325 on ‘Women, Peace and Security’ to advance women’s positions in peace and security efforts worldwide. South Sudan, the world’s newest nation that is currently engaged in peacebuilding efforts to realise sustainable peace, was one of the countries that took active measures to implement UNSRC 1325 in the country. However, it remains unclear how the implementation of the resolution has affected women’s participation in peacebuilding processes in South Sudan. This thesis explores this effect of the implementation process on women’s participation in peacebuilding. A theoretical framework derived from peacebuilding debates, UNSCR 1325 literature, feminist perspectives and high impact implementation theory presents the theoretical lens for this study. Using a document based process tracing analysis, this thesis analyses South Sudan’s adherence to the four factors of high impact implementation: leadership and coordination, inclusive design process, financial commitments, and monitoring, evaluation and reporting. Findings demonstrate that South Sudan adheres to three factors in a sufficient to very sufficient manner, but their financial commitments must be improved to constitute practical results for women’s inclusion in peacebuilding. Moreover, the second part of the analysis researches the effect of the implementation of resolution 1325 in South Sudan and the potential discrepancies between theoretical assumptions and practical results. This study found that differences remain between theoretical expectations and practical impact, but that adherence to the four factors of high impact implementation significantly contributes to realising tangible results for women’s participation in peacebuilding.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen