Teaching English grammar to intermediate-level ESL students in an inductive vs deductive manner

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2022-06-23
Language
en
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Over the last 60 years, much research has been done on the inductive and deductive approaches, yet no general consensus has been reached. Many of these studies are conducted among adult learners, but very few use secondary school students. This study uses secondary school English learners to add to the current discussion on the inductive versus deductive approach. The main focus is to investigate the effectiveness of the inductive and deductive instruction in English grammar teaching among Dutch intermediate-level secondary school students. Fifty-two students were divided into two groups, where one group was instructed in a deductive manner and the other group in an inductive manner. Both groups were taught four grammatical constructs, the present perfect simple, present perfect continuous, past simple, and past continuous. A pre-test and post-test were used to gather data from both groups. The results show that both groups improved. Moreover, the results also reveal a significant difference between the scores of the two groups on the post-test, in favour of the inductive group.
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