The changing world and migration

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The increasing flow of people across national borders is among the most reliable indicators of the intensity of globalization. The integration of economies and societies into global processes leads to inevitable regional disparities all over the world. These regional disparities describe a certain range of push and pull factors which influence migration flows. Whereas in traditional societies, most people used to spend their lives in their village of origin, migration has become an important process for people, who wish to improve their life standard. Reasons for international migration could be, for instance, “economic development and its disparities, better education possibilities, the population intensity of a country, the ease of travel today, armed and political conflicts, environmental decline and human rights violations.“ (World Migration Report 2003, 4) The most obvious reasons for migration are still economic disparities regarding income and differences in employment possibilities between the urban and rural areas, between one region and the other and between countries. Due to economic globalization and changing political strategies of national politicians in order to protect or develop the national economy, former host societies have become sending countries and former sending countries have become destination countries for migrants.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen