The contribution of the dockless bike sharing system to enhancing the urban sustainable mobility: a case study of Beijing, China

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Over the last three years, the dockless bike sharing scheme has become prevalent in the context of the sharing economy, the widely use of mobile online payment, the increasing environment awareness and the inherent market demand. This research takes Beijing as a case study, investigates the users’ characteristics, their behavior change, and perceptions of DBSS by the quantitative survey, and then analyzes the reasons behind it and how has it change the residents’ life in Beijing. This new kind of dockless shared bikes, with great advantages of accessibility, flexibility, efficiency and cheapness, helps to solve the “last mile” problem, reduce the travel time, and seems to be very environmental-friendly and sustainable. However, it also has numerous negative consequences such as “zombie” bikes blocking the sidewalks and vandalism of the bikes. How to coordinate and solve these problems is not only related to the future direction of dockless bike sharing scheme, but also related to the vital interests of the general public. Therefore, it is improtant to emphasize that governments, enterprises, and the public participate in multi-party cooperation and build a synergic governance networks to carry forward the advantages and avoid the negative effects of the new bike sharing system.
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