Filling the gap of Habermas'postnational constellation

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This thesis analyses Jürgen Habermas’ proposal for a postnational order, which he developed around the turn of the 20th century. Habermas argues that democratic liberty is threatened by globalisation. To protect democratic liberty he proposes a three-tiered system of global governance. This theoretical research effort challenges Habermas’ proposal, claiming it to be unfit to protect democratic liberty in the postnational constellation. Two main arguments of criticism underly this claim. First, the proposed system of global governance cannot do justice to Habermas’ own theory of law and democracy. In this theory Habermas claims that law and democracy are co-original, while this co-originality seems to be absent in Habermas’ three-tiered model of global governance. Second, this research effort claims that Habermas underestimates the degree of interconnectedness we encounter in the postnational constellation. To illustrate this finding, international tax politics and the impact of global tax competition are used as examples. Systems of global tax regulation and global taxation have to be imposed if global politics aims to provide for a stable order and is to secure universal human rights at the supranational level. Taxation without representation is highly problematic in light of democratic liberty. Therefore will be claimed that a postnational order should contain a much thicker form of legitimation. Keywords: Habermas, global democracy, glob
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