Effects of Home Appliances on Female Labour Participation in South Africa. Freeing women from housework
This research analyses the role of home appliances on Female Labour Participation in South Africa. The increase of the female labour participation is crucial for the development of a country, nonetheless, at this moment, only 40 percent of women, between 20 to 49 years old in South Africa, are engaged in a non-agricultural occupation. Through a bivariate cross-tabulation analysis and a multivariate logistic analysis, the effect of home appliances on female labour participation is studied. Moreover, individual and family characteristics, as well as socio-cultural and geographical context are accounted for. The findings show how the refrigerator and the washing machine can be associated with women being employed, and to an easier access to upper non-farming positions. Furthermore, the need for the appliances is larger with the addition of a husband or a child in the house. Following these results, this paper advises the creation of social policies to spread the ownership of the refrigerator and the washing machine among South African women.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen