Revisiting the 1992-1993 Abkhazian - Georgian conflict: understanding the origins of a 'frozen' conflict
This master thesis explores the origins of the 1992-1993 Abkhazian-Georgian conflict. Instead of focusing on the clear and superficial events which preceded the conflict, I have focused upon the underlying processes and features that gave meaning to those events, using two theoretical frameworks; ethnic primordialism and critical geopolitics. By comparing the existing literature with the coding results from a semi-structured interviewing process, I have managed to successfully identify the essential practices/discourses that ignited the war. I have therefore shown that the conflict did not originate from an inter-ethnic ancient hatred as many media outlets and academics claim; I conclude that different interpretations of identity and the complex and intertwined relations between ethnicity and nationhood were the most relevant processes that started the conflict. The complexity of these processes is what has ultimately led the conflict to still be unresolved or ‘frozen’.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen