Pura Vida. Living the good life in Costa Rica? A research concerning work permits and migration strategies of female Nicaraguen migrants in Costa Rica

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In 2010, Costa Rica has changed its migration policy with the purpose to regularize labour migration between Nicaragua and Costa Rica. The goal from this thesis is to gain more insight in the implementation of the current Costa Rican migration law, from the perspective of female Nicaraguan migrants. Using the following research question: What are the social, economic and political factors influencing the decisionmaking process of female Nicaraguan migrants during their (re-)application for a temporary work permit and how should these factors be changed to reach the migrant’s preferred future migration strategy? To answer this question, I have conducted interviews and surveys and analysed this data, taking the thresholds approach in consideration. The key findings of this research show that the migratory decisions from these female migrants are influenced and limited by factors such as employment, the law and family, and during the course of their migration trajectories, the effects of these factors can change. When these findings are compared to the purpose of the current Costa Rican migration law, which is to improve the application process for migrants, to make it easier to apply for a visa which allows migrants to work, regularizing the migratory flow; it can be concluded that at this moment the opposite seems to be the case.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen