The Relationship Between Procrastination, Self-Efficacy and Episodic Future Thinking
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between Episodic Future Thinking and procrastination and the role of self-efficacy as a possible moderator within this relationship. Additionally, it was examined if there is a difference in amount of detail between the representation of positive and negative future events and if there is an interaction between valence of the event and the tendency to procrastinate. The 78 participants had to do an “Episodic Future Thinking Task” to measure how detailed the stimulation of future events is. Furthermore, they had to fill in the “Tuckman Procrastination Questionnaire” to measure the tendency to procrastinate and the “College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale” to quantify the confidence level for completing certain tasks in the academic setting. The results indicated that there is no relationship between Episodic Future Thinking and procrastination and no moderating effect of self-efficacy. No difference in amount of detail between the representation of positive and negative future events and no interaction between valence of the event and procrastination has been found. A possible explanation for the results might be that a combination of different interlaced mechanisms rather than one mechanism plays a role in Episodic Future Thinking. Additionally, an explanation for the findings might be based on the methodology used in this study.
Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen