Nietzsche's Deserts. From Christian asceticism to Dionysian life-affirmation
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In this thesis, I explore the various ways in which Friedrich Nietzsche uses the word desert (Wüste) throughout his oeuvre. In doing so, I distinguish and discuss three main desert-types in Nietzsche’s works: the romantic desert of Nietzsche’s early works as a form of lack, the Christian ascetic desert first introduced in Nietzsche’s middle writings as a refuge from life, and the Dionysian desert of the later Nietzsche as the prerequisite habitat for transvaluation, experimentation and the heterogenization of discourse. I will conclude with an exploration of the value of Nietzsche’s desert-imagery for contemporary (ecological) thought, by contrasting its common Heideggerian reception with the Dionysian desert-imagery of Nietzsche’s later works.
Faculteit der Filosofie, Theologie en Religiewetenschappen