Hazard management and smart infrastructure in central-Java, Indonesia.

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Central-Java is one of Indonesia’s most affected regions by natural hazards and disasters. Earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic activity are several disasters that inhabitants of these regions have to deal with on a regular basis. With ongoing climate change, these disasters become more frequent and violent. Hazard Management Systems (HMS) are installed in every part of Central-Java to deal with these disasters. Alongside this, rapid, unplanned urbanization is another challenge. A different development in the region of Central-Java is that this region is starting to develop ‘Smart Cities’ to create an innovative city. This is done to improve quality of life, efficiency of city operations as well as to increase the competitive level of the city. The cities are trying to catch up to the western world as cities grow and become more prosperous. This growth has its downsides as well. A potential cooperation between the Smart Cities and HMS is a possible solution to tackle urbanization problems and protect the vulnerable inhabitants of a city from certain disasters. The goal of this research is to provide insight and create deeper understanding of how smart infrastructure can be implemented to support a safer environment in the battle against several hazards on the island of Java, even in a time of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
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