The facilitators and barriers of job crafting among nurses on the individual-, team- and job-level
This qualitative study is done with the aim of contributing to the existing literature about the facilitators and barriers of job crafting among nurses by taking a multilevel perspective. Therefore, the following research question is stated: What are the facilitators and barriers of job crafting that nurses perceive at the individual-, team-, and job-level? Based on the existing literature, a model is made in order to classify the facilitators and barriers on the three levels of job crafting. The data for this research is gathered by twelve semi-structured interviews. The results show that a perceived lack of skills or experience on the individual-level and task interdependence on the team-level are perceived as facilitator as well as barrier. Besides, the facilitator support from colleagues and the barriers issues between colleagues, a lack of recognition and regulations are identified as new facilitators and barriers on the three levels which influence job crafting behavior. Self-efficacy as a facilitator on the individual-level could not be identified by the results of this study. This research has practical implications for the nursing profession. The multilevel perspective gives nursing management and nurses themselves insights into the facilitators and barriers of job crafting that they can influence and which are beyond their control. By reducing the barriers and increasing facilitators, job crafting behavior can be stimulated.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen