Discovering feasible strategies reducing the environmental impact of International Humanitarian Organisations’ transportation of personnel
The demand for humanitarian aid in developing countries has been rising for the last decade annually and is likely to continue increasing. With the number of operations, the scale of transportation is growing, contributing negatively to the local environment of the target areas. The research aimed to build a System Dynamics model to identify cost-efficient strategies that can enable International Humanitarian Organisations to reduce the environmental impact of the transportation of their personnel, while providing the demanded level of aid. The methodology included quantitative analysis and System Dynamics modelling and simulation tools. The strategies tested were increasing loading of a car, delivering aid remotely, increasing the share of electric vehicles, making the fleet lighter or newer, etc. The research also tested the robustness of each strategy in a variety of plausible futures (scenarios). The results of the research can support IHO-s in decision-making regarding transportation of their personnel from the environmental perspective and systemic view.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen