Financing our urban future? Investigating the implementation and sustainability of developer obligations as a land-based finance method in the Netherlands
Dutch municipalities are facing financial challenges regarding sustainable urban development in the near and far future. This research focuses on the practical implementation and sustainability of the ‘developer obligations (DO)’ method as a land-based finance method in the three Dutch municipalities of Utrecht, Eindhoven and Maastricht. Using qualitative methods in the form of semi-structured interviews with civil servants, the research combines theoretical and practical knowledge regarding developer obligations in the Dutch context. Negotiation Theory and Policy Change and Implementation Theory serve as the main theoretical foundation in the research, and supposedly influence the relationship between DO and sustainable urban development through the bargaining and policy process. The results confirm that this supposed relationship is correct. Furthermore, the three municipalities implement the DO method in a multitude of ways, leading to varying levels of success – with potential negative consequences for future sustainable urban development. This research has also found that a municipalities’ market structure is detrimental for DO implementation. The market structure is an umbrella term for developments in demography, the economy and the potential margin in the development’s business case. The conclusion can be made that the DO method is relatively sustainable, as long as strong urban growth is certain.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen