Ecosystem services and the compact city model: exploring the role of green infrastructure multifunctionality in the compact city transition in Eindhoven

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This research delves into the complex landscape of urban development in the context of rapid global urbanization. Focused on Eindhoven, a city undergoing a transition towards compact urban planning, the study employs ecosystem services theory as a guiding framework to explore the integration of green infrastructure (GI) within the compact city paradigm. By scrutinizing Eindhoven's Green City Plan, the research unravels critical insights. Firstly, the analysis reveals a robust understanding of the GI network within Eindhoven, emphasizing its importance in bolstering ecosystem resilience amidst urban densification. Secondly, the study finds that the Green City Plan does not take the provision of multiple ecosystem services (multifunctionality) into account to the level needed for efficient GI planning. Furthermore, the research underscores the Green City Plan's limited consideration of synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem services, essential for informed decision-making. Lastly, stakeholder involvement emerges as a key factor in Eindhoven's GI planning process, although the sheer number of stakeholders poses challenges to efficient decision-making. Framed within the context of ecosystem services theory, this study offers valuable insights for urban planners and policymakers seeking sustainable solutions to the complex challenges posed by uncontrolled urbanization. It provides a roadmap for harmonizing environmental stewardship, socio-economic well-being, and compact urban development in an era defined by urban expansion.
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