Status holders towards available or suitable jobs. The role of Dutch municipalities in labour market induction of status holders

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The responsibility of labour market induction of status holders is decentralised to municipalities, which leads to different approaches. Three municipalities are selected with varying approaches for status holders in policy. The first is a ‘work first’ approach, which focusses on a fast outflow of welfare payments towards an available job. The second approach comprises ‘customized services’, which considers the ambitions and skills of the status holders while matching them to suitable jobs. The third case study has included status holders in the ‘regular’ approach. So, every unemployed citizen is treated equally, and all trajectories are guided with ‘customized services’ or are focussed on ‘work first’. Employers of these three municipalities are interviewed, which enabled a comparison based on the policy formation and implementation. Thereby, Dutch national numbers provide a context for this research. Between the case studies, the formulated policies differ more than the implementation strategies. Also, incoherency often exists between policy and implementation within a municipality. This incoherency leads to insufficient facilitations for the consultants, and evaluation is needed to improve the policy and the entire labour market induction. The evaluation should include the stakeholders to make the policy and the implementation most efficient and successful. Keywords: Status holders, labour market induction, municipalities, formulated approaches, implementation strategies.
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