Job crafting and the workplace well-being of Dutch employees: the role of affective commitment

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During the Covid-19 pandemic many employees were forced to adjust to new and challenging work environments. Due to high mental and physical pressure there was little time and attention towards employee well-being. Currently, new ways of working, like job crafting, have increased in popularity, because of the better fit with the new working environments and preferences of employees. When an employee is more emotionally attached towards their organization, the more drive they will have to craft their own job in such a way that it benefits the interest and well-being of both the employee and the organization. Therefore, this quantitative research aims to understand what kind of effect affective commitment has on the relationships between the dimensions of job crafting and the workplace well-being among Dutch employees. By means of a cross sectional research design, an online survey data was conducted. After cleaning the data, 177 respondents remained for the analyses. To analyze the collected data and test the hypotheses, SPSS is used to conduct mediating regression analyses. Concluded from this research is that affective commitment has a different effect on the relationships between the dimensions of job crafting and workplace well-being of Dutch employees. This research shows that affective commitment does not mediate the relationship between social job resources and workplace well-being. Furthermore, affective commitment partially mediates the relationship between the two other dimensions of job crafting, structural job resources and challenging job demands, and workplace well-being. Lastly, it appears that the relationship between hindering job demands and workplace well-being is fully mediated by affective commitment. Due to limited time for this research a cross sectional research design was applied. Future research should conduct longitudinal research to monitor a sample of employees to obtain an understanding of the effect of job crafting and affective commitment on employee well-being over a longer period of time.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen