Governance, government, and nature-based solutions: Understanding the relationship between the governance of central government organizations and effective nature-based solution adoption and im-plementation

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Over the last century, human activity and industrialization have brought about significant changes to the world, resulting in negative impacts on natural systems and human well-being, particularly in the form of climate change. Nature-based solutions have emerged as a potential solution to address these challenges. However, the effective adoption and implementation of nature-based solutions by central governmental bodies are hindered by existing barriers, including a lack of organizational structure, adaptability, bureaucracy, involvement, and mission. This study aims to explore how these barriers affect the adoption and implementation of nature-based solutions by central governments. Data was collected from various sources, including a desk study, qualitative interviews with governmental officials responsible for project implementation, and observations of governmental project coordinators at a nature-based solution project meeting. The proposed framework was tested in the context of Malta, which showed a lack of effective organization structure and nature-based solution implementation. The results indicate that weak organizational structure, particularly the lack of adaptability, bureaucracy, and mission traits, contributes to the ineffectiveness of nature-based solution adoption and implementation. The lack of capacity, coordination, strategies, and vision for nature-based solution implementation in central governments hinders adequate stakeholder engagement, monitoring, and upscaling of projects. The findings of this study highlight the need for a strong organizational structure to facilitate the effective implementation of nature-based solutions.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen