New Opportunities or Further Marginalization? Case study: Upper West Regio of Ghana

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This research has shed light on rural-rural migration in the Upper West Region of Ghana by studying with a mobility perspective. The study was done using a grounded theory approach making use of both quantitative and qualitative data. The data was collected in Jirapa district, Ghana. By combining qualitative data with personal field notes, a framework of rural livelihoods in the UWR of Ghana was constituted. Binary logistic regressions and chi-square tests were performed to determine the link between the destination and individual and/or household characteristics. Next to individual and/or household characteristics, the effect of climate change was analysed. Literature suggested irrigation facilities as an adaptation strategy for climate change and to reverse the dependence on mobility. However, after analysing the data no significant relation between irrigation facilities and mobility was found. This study concludes that rural-rural mobility patterns are much more complex than they at first sight appear. Besides that, when implementing certain systems to reduce poverty one needs to be sure what it will actually bring to local communities. In this case irrigation systems provided an option to bring more capital by which other income sources can be achieved, e.g. mobility
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