Review of measures to minimize human tiger conflict (HTC)

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This research investigates the successfulness of HTC reduction measures, which are required to reduce the increasing number of HTC. Their effectiveness, pro’s, cons and requirements are investigated by evaluating on three assessment criteria: some basic aspects, the roles of actors involved and three success criteria: the impact on-, or relation with, safety of humans and livestock, conservation goals and local conditions. To complement literature findings, in-depth interviews have been conducted with people working for conservation organisations. Although all measures possibly reduce HTC, with exception of dredging water channels, some have proven to be very effective in particular: education and training, land use planning, the management of wild prey and the instalment of response teams. However, other preventive, reactive and mitigative measures, based on local, social and ecological conditions are indispensable. For all measures, a good understanding of the local context is required because no strategy is appropriate anywhere, and actors must be intensively involved to secure a proper implementation and maintenance. Finally, a more flexible and opportunistic approach makes it possible to look more location specific at possibilities for reducing HTC in specific areas, in addition to the opportunities provided by the ‘conventional’ approach and measures for reducing HTC.
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