Healthy Design Principles in Property Development: A quantitative study

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Non-communicable diseases, including obesity and cardio-vascular disease, are on the rise in urban areas. The increase in obesity rates is linked to inactivity. This fact calls for greater insight into the relationship between urbanization and non-communicable diseases. The connection between urbanization and general health is more commonly considered in spatial planning. This line of inquiry resulted in the following research question: “What is the impact of urban design interventions in neighbourhoods on the physical activity (focusing on walking and bicycling) of residents?” To answer this question, an in-depth review of the literature on the built environmental factors that influence physical activity was conducted. In addition, a survey was conducted, the results of which both elaborate upon and support the findings of the existing literature. A total of 599 individuals were surveyed in the process of answering the main research question. The results of the research show that design principles influence the physical activity of the respondents. Green routes for relaxation and benches placed along these routes have a positive influence on physical activity. Easily accessible parking for bicycles in built up spaces is preferred by respondents. Additionally, respondents prefer frictionless streets and places, and wide sidewalks.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen