Getting there: travel behaviour choices and Dutch Transit Oriented Development
Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is an often discussed subject in literature and practice. It crosses multiple disciplines, such as economics, sustainability, mobility, urban management and spatial planning. This research looked into two things: first, it assessed to what extent Dutch station area developments comply with TOD principles using spatial data analysis in ArcGIS pro. Second, it examined if and when travel behavioural changes occur for these locations after TOD realisation and in comparison with other places. This is done by conducting a logistic regression analysis in SPSS using the OViN/ODiN dataset. There are 45 Dutch TOD locations. For trips towards and from TOD locations, the chance of an average person taking the train increases between 94% and 114%. The location where TOD realisation takes place are often locations where the chances of taking the train were already higher before TOD realisation, which means that they are attractive locations for development. The results show that Transit Oriented Development can be one part of a complex system in influencing travel behaviour and it cannot be seen as a cure-for-all. Nevertheless, Transit Oriented Development is a tool that can be used to stimulate sustainable modes of transport.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen