Where does the road lead? A qualitative comparative analysis on conditions influencing successful car-free transitions in Dutch cities

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Automobile mobility has been the dominant mode of transportation for a long time but due to high emissions, air pollution and other types of nuisance the role cars play in our cities is starting to change. Car-free initiatives show positive results in terms of sustainability, liveability and health in urban areas. The goals of these initiatives are clear but successfully transitioning is challenging. Scientific research has identified conditions influencing the successfulness of car-free transitions. To create more insight in the interplay of these conditions and to identify successful combinations of conditions a qualitative comparative analysis has been conducted. By surveying employees of Royal Haskoning DHV and government employees scores have been assigned to conditions in specific cases. Using QCA software necessary and sufficient conditions have been identified. Necessary conditions for successful car-free transitions are a top-down, well-structured and far-reaching initiative and a high level of amenities within the car-free area to be. The identified sufficient pathways are heavily dependent on a strong political vision with clear communication accompanied by good use of vacant space, this overcomes the need for exhaustive public participation programmes or the involvement of consultants in latter stages.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen