Artistic Creativity in Artificial Intelligence
Computational art is a creative field that indicates a futuristic idea of artificial intelligence. Despite the common belief that a machine is unable to create art, current developments and examples in computational art present a new form of art. Reaching to a broad variety of artistic dimensions, artificial intelligence programs are generating poetry, music, visual art, architecture and design. This study introduces artificial intelligence as an artistic phenomenon and analyzes the artifacts that are produced by computer algorithms. Thus, it provides a theoretical framework and a philosophical discussion on the creative abilities of artificial intelligence. Furthermore, it concerns with the entitlement of artiness, by presenting a reflection on the dynamics between the artwork, the art-maker and the art audience. The analysis of computational artworks and the computer programs that generate those artworks show that the function of artificial intelligence is far beyond being merely a tool to create art, it is rather an actor that has an artistic and creative agency. With this study, I suggest an alternative approach in the conceptual definition of art, which can help to explore the possibilities of a new art genre.
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