Attitudes toward globalization cross-country, cross-time study in the Visegrad group countries and the Benelux Union countries

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Attitudes toward globalization are of great importance. Not only do they represent what people of a country think about globalization, but they can play an active role in the political scene, especially in the case of democratic countries. In this thesis, the focus will be set on attitudes toward economic globalization. These attitudes were studied using surveys made in both the Benelux Union countries, as well as in the Visegrad group. These attitudes were compared with the survey’s benchmark, within each group and between groups, in order to find out the differences. Finally, ordered probit models were used, in order to determine which variables influence the likelihood in different countries and for the different years, to facilitate different time periods comparison. The results have shown that mostly, attitudes toward globalization are influenced by the circumstances that people encounter in their lives, together with their capacity to take advantage of opportunities, which means that attitudes are not innate. Attitudes toward globalization became more negative within the Benelux Union and the Visegrad group countries during the first decade of the 2000’s. Keywords: globalization, attitudes, Benelux, Visegrad, ordered probit
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