Energy label policy for office buildings
In order to reduce the CO2 emission percentage of office buildings, the Dutch government introduced the energy label policy. This policy obliges all office owners in the Netherlands to obtain energy label C or higher, before the beginning of 2023. The energy label gives the owner of the building an indication of the energy efficiency, based on the the amount of consumed primary fossil energy (in kilowatt-hour, per square meter, per year). The label ranges from G (the least energy efficient) to A+++++ (the most energy efficient. However, the adoption and improvement of energy labels appears to be lacking (RVO, 2017), resulting in uncertainty with regard to the achievement of the set standards in 2023. The objective of this research is to determine which factors and actors influence the process of improvement and adoption of energy labels for relatively small office owners (between 100 and 1.000 m2) and how the current Dutch energy label policy can be improved. The results of this study indicate that the reinforcing factors had the biggest influence on the process of improving and adopting energy labels. Therefore, this research argues that the biggest policy improvement can be made around the governmental stakeholders, which influence the reinforcing factors.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen