The preservation and consumtion of cultural heritages by local communities; Indonesians' perspective showed in three case studies

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From a social and economic perspective, cultural heritages are crucial for the local communities’ livelihood. Cultural heritages connect our past to the future and the interests in these sites are growing. This research is about the role of local communities in preserving and consuming cultural heritages. To analyze the data from the qualitative research, I used the ‘Theory of Practices’ by Bourdieu and the concept ‘commodification’ by Marx. The results of this research are broadly in line with the results from the literature study. The attached value of the site determines the practices: sociocultural value relates to preservation, while the economic value defines the consumption. Tourists determine the economic value of the site. As result of the growing interconnectedness locals see heritages sites as a commodity, especially near major tourist attractions. They lose their connection to the site, which results in less involvement in the preservation. The preservation depends on several factors: the awareness of the sociocultural values, the attachment to the site and how local communities are involved. In short, major heritages are seen as a commodity and have a large economic value, while local heritages have a sociocultural value to local communities, what results in willingness to preserve.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen