Feelings of (un)safety in the Netherlands. An examination into the relationship between social and physical disorder and people’s perceptions of safety in neighbourhoods around Dutch harbour districts

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The research aim of this master’s thesis is to get more insight in the predictors of people’s perceptions of safety. The following central research question is answered: “How and to what extent does social cohesion in the neighborhoods around Dutch harbour positively contribute to people’s perceptions of safety, during the period of 2012-2017?” To answer this research question, data collected by Statistics Netherlands was used, in particular data from the Dutch National Crime Victimization Survey, called the Safety Monitor. Results from a representative sample of 61,988 Dutch residents collected by survey and telephone support that social cohesion positively contributes to people’s perceptions of safety. Secondly, the findings of this study show that the relationship between social cohesion and people’s perceptions of safety cannot be explained by the three characteristics of (physical) disorder (impoverishment, social inconvenience, and a lacking quality of life); except for social inconvenience in the harbour neighborhoods. Finally, this master’s thesis research brought up some important findings regarding the control variables. People who once or more often became a victim, feel more unsafe than people who were never a victim. People who have a high level of police satisfaction experience less fear than people with a low level of police satisfaction do.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen