Wating on the border. A micropolitics of temporal and spatial, migrant penitentiary practices in the city of Rotterdam

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This thesis focusses on inductively assessing the migrant penitentiary practices of the Netherlands by inquiring into the Rotterdam case. It is argued – in this thesis – that not only a recent centralization of migrant detainment practices has been taking place, but also a process of fluidization of these practices is taking place outside of the migrant detention center’s walls. It is observed that increasingly, restrictive policies of detainment and deportation are extended to migrant shelter facilities which are primarily managed by non-governmental actors. These developments are contextualized within a theoretical framework of the ‘biopolitical apparatus’, and by putting them against the historical backdrop of the process of European ‘schengenization’. Finally, the observed phenomena of centralization and fluidization are analyzed through Esposito’s concept of ‘immunization’; contextualizing recent detainment practices within a wide and dominant grid of societal sentiment much apparent in the whole of the EU: the ‘stranger’ is he who reminds us of our existential vulnerability. The ‘stranger’ becomes a symbol of asymmetry and is wrongly perceived to be the immanent threat to our ‘way of life’, while in reality we have been blind in noticing our heightened vulnerability due to increased exercises of state and corporate surveillance.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen