Does citizenship education matter?
The beating heart of a democracy is its people. A lack of political participation is a cause of concern, therefore it should be encouraged. Citizenship education may enable people to participate. This master thesis investigates whether education, and specifically citizenship education has an effect on political participation by doing a multilevel analysis on a large sample of thousands of respondents from more than 20 countries. The results show that an increase of educational level corresponds with an increase of about 0.240 of political participation score in all the estimated models. No support has been found to indicate an indirect effect of education as a proxy of social status (the relative education model), strengthening the case of skills and knowledge enabling participation (the absolute education model). Against my expectations, no sufficient support has been found in favor of the citizenship education model, meaning that I cannot conclude that citizenship education is a helpful tool in improving political participation.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen