How cities design policies on shared e-scooters - An analysis on five cities in Germany

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The sharing economy is transforming cities: It changes how people work, consume, and move in and around cities. The rapid rise and development of the sharing economy has taken cities by surprise. Hence, cities are required to develop suitable policy designs to steer the development of these sharing services. This thesis explores how cities design policies on shared e-scooter services by applying the frameworks of Municipal Governance (Voytenko Palgan et al., 2021) and Policy Design (Howlett, 2018). Based on the analysis of five case study cities in Germany the following research question will be answered: ‘How are policies on shared e-Scooters designed by cities in Germany?’ For the analysis this research applies a mixed methods approach by combining the findings of seven semi-structured interviews with municipal policy makers and policy document analysis on the federal, state and municipal level. This study finds that cities differ in their Policy Design on shared e-scooters. Shared e-scooters are new mobility service, and thus, existing Policy Designs need to be adapted. This analysis shows that some cities go through different policy design stages in which they apply different governance mechanisms.
Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen