Creating the Entrepreneurial Environment: Self-efficacy and Intrapreneurial Behavior, the role of Perceived Organizational Support (POS) and Internal Knowledge Sharing (IKS).”

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The world does not look like it used to, population is aging, markets are becoming virtual, operations are being automated, and big data is booming. Organizations need to prepare for uncertain futures and deal with increasing competition. Stimulating intrapreneurial behavior helps organizations prepare for the future and can result in a competitive advantage over rivals. How is this behavior stimulated however, and which factors have considerable influence on the organizational existence of this behavior? This research project will shed light on the effect of self-efficacy on intrapreneurial behavior and whether the relationship is moderated by perceived organizational support (POS) and internal knowledge sharing (IKS). This research project is inductive and quantitative by nature, questionnaires have been distributed along two IT-consultancy organizations, and a total of 65 responses were gathered. Different statistical analyses were conducted to evaluate the effect and the magnitude of the variables’ effect on intrapreneurial behavior. The results indicate that, for this specific research setting, all of the independent variables do not significantly relate to or predict intrapreneurial behavior. This could be considered as rather odd as the performed literature review predicted different outcomes. However, a separate analysis was performed, in which a specific observational outlier is removed, which considerably changes the outcomes. In the end, with this observation removed, self-efficacy is hypothesized as significant, predicting intrapreneurial behavior. Furthermore, IKS positively contributes to intrapreneurial behavior. However, this relationship becomes negative in the moderation relationship between self-efficacy and intrapreneurial behavior. Organizations should dedicate sufficient time and resources to enhance the self-efficacy levels of individuals, and IKS processes should be well designed depending on self-efficacy levels of internal employees. Future studies might focus on factors influencing the interplay between self-efficacy and intrapreneurial behavior, such as autonomy, leadership styles, and hybrid workstyles.
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